Presently, it is unknown what causes Hodgkin. However, there are several risk factors that appear to be associated with this type of cancer. Of course, having a risk factor does not mean that the disease will automatically develop. Always consult a doctor and have proper testing performed to accurately diagnose whether it is or not Hodgkin Lymphoma.
Following are associated risk factors for Hodgkin Lymphoma:
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Infection/Mononucleosis
- A higher risk factor is present in patients who have had EBV or "Mono."
- This disease is most common in early adulthood - between the ages of 15 to 40 and in late adulthood - after the age of 55
- Males are slightly more at risk than females
- A higher risk factor is present for the siblings of younger people who develop this disease and in identical twins. Although, general family links are not common.
Signs and Symptoms
Although a patient may feel perfectly well, Hodgkin Lymphoma may be present. There are signs and symptoms of the disease to indicate testing should be done:
- If lumps are present under the skin in the neck, underarm or groin area. Take particular note if the lumps are not always present, but rather appear and then disappear. Also, notice if they should become painful after consuming alcohol.
- A high temperature will occur that may (or may not) exhibit over the course of several days or weeks
Night Sweats and Weight Loss
- Awaking drenched in sweat and losing weight when not intending to can be an indication of Hodkin Disease
Fatigue and Loss of Appetite
- In some patients, it is possible that the only sign of the disease is constant and consistent tiredness and not feeling hungry.
Coughing and Breathing Issues
- If the form of the disease affects lymph nodes inside the chest, it results in the swelling of nodes pressing against the windpipe.