Research is increasing regarding what we know about vaginal cancer. Scientists are learning more about its causes. Following are common risk factors for the disease:
Age and exposure to the drug DES (Diethylstilbestrol) before birth affect a woman’s risk of developing vaginal cancer.
Additional risk factors for vaginal cancer include the following:
- Being aged 60 or older.
Human Papilloma Virus
- Being infected with HPV
- Having a history of abnormal cells in the cervix or cervical cancer.
Signs and Symptoms
Vaginal cancer often does not cause early symptoms and may be found during a routine Pap Test. When symptoms occur they may be caused by vaginal cancer or by other conditions. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:
Pain or abnormal vaginal bleeding
Bleeding or discharge not related to menstrual periods
Pain during sexual intercourse
Pain in the pelvic area
A lump in the vagina