Risk Factors/Signs and Symptoms

Research is increasing regarding what we know about Testicular Cancer. Scientists are learning more about its causes. Following are common risk factors for the disease:

Congenital Abnormalities - Men born with abnormalities of the testicles, penis, or kidneys, as well as those with Inguinal Hernia (hernia in the groin area) may be at increased risk.

Family History - Testicular Cancer is greater in men whose brother or father has had the disease.

Previous Testicular Cancer - Men who have had testicular cancer are at increased risk of developing cancer in the other testicle.

Undescended Testicle (Cryptorchidism) - A Testicular Cancer risk is increased in males with a testicle that does not move down into the scrotum. (Note: This risk does not change even after surgery to move the testicle into the scrotum.)

Signs and Symptoms

Most testicular cancers are found by men themselves. Between regular checkups, men should pay attention to notice if he has any of the following symptoms:

Dull ache in the lower abdomen, back, or groin 

Enlargement of a testicle or change in the way it feels 

Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum 

Painless lump or swelling in a testicle 

Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum


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