Research is increasing regarding what we know about oropharyngeal cancer. Scientists are learning more about its causes. Following are common risk factors for the disease:
Smoking and chewing tobacco
Heavy alcohol use
A diet low in fruits and vegetables
Drinking maté, a stimulant drink common in South America
Chewing betel quid, a stimulant commonly used in parts of Asia
Being infected with Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Signs and Symptoms
These and other symptoms may be caused by oropharyngeal cancer. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:
A sore throat that does not go away.
A dull pain behind the breastbone.
Weight loss for an unknown reason.
A lump in the back of the mouth, throat, or neck.
A change in voice