Risk Factors/Signs and Symptoms

Research is increasing regarding what we know about hypopharyngeal cancer. Scientists are learning more about its causes. Following are common risk factors for the disease:

Smoking/Chewing tobacco

Heavy alcohol use

Eating a diet without enough nutrients

Having Plummer-Vinson Syndrome

Signs and Symptoms

These and other symptoms may be caused by hypopharyngeal cancer. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

A sore throat that does not go away

Ear pain

A lump in the neck

Painful or difficult swallowing

A change in voice

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